Wars and their Devastating Impact

Posted on: 2022-02-19 15:12:37
The United Nations adopted a set of goals, known as Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) that are a universal call to action to end poverty, safeguard the environment, and secure peace and prosperity for all people. According to these goals, we have an aim to eradicate global poverty by 2030. Technically, we only have 8 more years, but the reality is nowhere close to these aspirations.
For centuries, humans have been involved in wars. As with most wars, the majority of people killed in the deadliest wars of all time are innocent civilians. The earliest recorded evidence of human warfare suggests that the first conflict took place around 13,000 years ago along the Egypt-Sudan border. The most common reasons for wars to erupt have been poverty, poor governmental leadership, civil unrest, religion, territory disputes, resources and a plethora of other factors.
The effects of these are multifold. Not only do people get killed, but natural resources get depleted, wildlife killed, economies fall and society gets disrupted. Even the people who survive are merely alive. The Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) that follows with the end of traumatizing events like witnessing other people be killed, seeing dead bodies on the ground or receiving threats to lives, during wars.
The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine (Russo-Ukrainian Conflict) is causing worldwide tensions in many regards. Will Russia actually invade Ukraine? Will such an act mutate into a full-blown war between Russia and the members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)? How will the Indian economy be affected? What could be the scale of destruction in the world? These are some of the most common questions being asked today.
Civil war has been identified as one of the main causes for the persistence of poverty in many regions of the world (Collier 2007).
Let us look at how wars and conflicts could impact the world from a social and an economic perspective.

The effects of wars could be short-term and long-term depending on the nature and the cause of the war. Soldiers and civilians experience war differently, while both suffer in times of conflict, with women and children suffering unimaginable horrors in particular. Children made up to two million of those murdered in violent conflicts during the last decade.

Prevention is better than Cure

Unfortunately, by the time a dispute erupts and a war danger exists, the countries or parties involved have made great progress along this route. Instead, more focus should be placed on creating and executing preventative measures that eliminate the circumstances that lead to conflict and war.

Adopting preventative techniques based on mutually beneficial cooperative endeavors would be important in making the world a safer place to live. All international leaders should take social psychology's advice into consideration to benefit all, especially the underprivileged.

Let us know your thoughts on the topic in our comment section. What steps according to you should be taken to prevent and resolve conflicts?