How to identify if your Child suffers from Diabetes?

Posted on: 2022-01-15 13:55:45
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic medical condition that causes problems with the body's ability to change food, especially sugars (carbohydrates), into fuel for the body. If the body's high blood glucose is not treated properly, it may damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nervous system over many years.
A blood glucose test, which measures the amounts of sugar in the blood, is commonly used to make a diagnosis. Prediabetes is a condition in which the fasting blood sugar level is high but not to the point of diabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which people have increased fasting glucose levels on multiple occasions, increasing their chance of acquiring full-blown diabetes.

Types of Diabetes:

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are the two most common types of diabetes. Both forms of diabetes can strike at any age, but Type 1 diabetes is more common in children.

Type 1 Diabetes

People with Type 1 diabetes are unable to use glucose (the body's primary sugar) for energy. This happens because their bodies have stopped producing the hormone insulin. Normally, the amount of glucose in our blood, also known as blood sugar, rises when we eat. The pancreas then releases insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin functions as a key to opening the doors of the body's cells, allowing glucose to enter and provide energy to the cells.
The signs and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes in children usually develop quickly, and may include:

Risk factors

Risk factors for Type 1 diabetes in children include:

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes affects how your child's body absorbs sugar and is a long-term condition. The illness causes sugar to build up in the blood, which can have dangerous long-term repercussions if not treated.
Adults are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. It was previously known as adult-onset diabetes. However, due to the obesity pandemic, Type 2 diabetes in youngsters is on the rise.

Type 2 diabetes in children can develop so slowly that no symptoms are visible. Occasionally, the disorder is discovered during a standard physical examination.

Other Symptoms that children with Diabetes may experience:

Risk factors

Even though they have identified risk factors, researchers don't completely understand why some children acquire Type 2 diabetes and others do not. However, it's clear that certain factors increase the risk, including:


Type 1 diabetes can be treated with: Depending on how far it has progressed, Type 2 diabetes can be treated with:

What parents of children with diabetes can do

Although there is no cure for diabetes in children, it can be managed so that children with this condition can live normal lives. Blood sugar monitoring, treatment with insulin therapy (given as numerous injections per day or via an insulin pump), and keeping a balanced diet are all important aspects of managing the condition. Keeping blood sugars in a normal range is critical because it reduces the risk of long-term health concerns caused by poor diabetes management. In addition to a balanced diet, children can benefit from at least thirty minutes of exercise every day to help them manage their condition.
  1. To keep their blood sugars in a safe range, children with Type 1 diabetes must find the correct combination of diet, insulin, and activity. Understanding how different meals impact your child's blood sugar is beneficial.
  2. Staying active on a regular basis is an important part of diabetes therapy. Exercise helps the child to grow stronger. It also improves their mood and blood sugar levels. In fact, exercise improves insulin's efficiency. Diabetic children may and should exercise. Encourage your youngster to be active by setting a daily target of 60 minutes.
  3. With the advice of your child's doctor, plan a medical management strategy. Make a copy for their school. It should specify what the school should do in each circumstance. Events like parties and field trips may require additional planning. You and the staff at your child's school can work together to keep their diabetes under control.
  4. Seek out some support. Parents of diabetic children frequently feel alone. Due to the disease's uniqueness, families may not know anybody else who has diabetes. Join online diabetic support groups and Facebook communities for parents with children having diabetes to find out what others are going through.
Click on this link to check if your child suffers from Diabetes.