5 Ways in which AI is making the Planet Sustainable

Posted on: 2022-02-14 11:40:49
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer to perform tasks that usually require human intelligence. Simply, it is the intelligence used by the computer or a robot backed by a computer. John McCarthy invented the term Artificial Intelligence in the year 1950.
AI is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. Some very popular examples of AI are smart assistants like Siri and Alexa, self-driving cars, recommendations by Amazon Prime Video or Netflix, conversational chatbots, etc.
The use of AI is on the rise. The science of machine learning is evolving every day to make smarter machines. Everything that includes a programme doing something that we would ordinarily associate with human intelligence is termed artificial intelligence.

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence:

Ways in which AI can help save the planet:

  1. Making cities more livable and sustainable

  2. AI can help cities save money on energy by forecasting demand using data from smart metres and the Internet of Things (a network of computing devices embedded in everyday things that allow them to send and receive data). Artificial intelligence systems can also help with urban planning and catastrophe preparedness by simulating prospective zoning regulations, building codes, and floodplains. To make cities more energy efficient and habitable, one idea for a sustainable city is to develop an "urban dashboard" with real-time data on energy and water use and availability, traffic, and weather. For example, Dubai has completed several Smart City projects, one of which monitored the condition of bus drivers. This monitoring contributed to a 65% reduction in accidents caused by exhaustion and fatigue.

  3. Smart agriculture

  4. Precision agriculture is a term used to describe how AI systems are helping to enhance overall harvest quality and accuracy. Machine learning technology aids in the detection of plant disease, pests, and poor crop nutrition. These sensors are capable of detecting and targeting weeds, then determining the best herbicide to use in the area. Data from field sensors that track crop moisture, soil composition, and temperature helps AI boost production and predict when crops need to be watered. Many companies like Fasal, Ninjacart, Cropin, among others are facilitating smart agriculture in India.

  5. Weather and climate prediction

  6. Accurate forecasts are becoming increasingly crucial as the climate changes. Climate models, however, frequently give very different projections, because of the way data is divided down into distinct sections, how processes and systems are coupled, and the wide range of spatial and temporal dimensions. A new discipline known as "Climate Informatics" is emerging, which utilises AI to transform weather forecasting and increase our understanding of climate change's effects. AI is assisting in the determination of which models are more trustworthy by assigning more weight to those whose predictions show to be more correct at the end, and less weight to those that perform poorly. Climate change estimates will be more accurate as a result of this.

  7. More sustainable transport

  8. AI-driven vehicles are the future. To reduce carbon emissions and greenhouse gas production, smart and electric vehicles that are sustainable are required. Machine learning can unlock vehicles that are capable of route and traffic optimization, eco-driving algorithms, programmed “platooning” of cars to traffic, and autonomous ride-sharing services. For instance, American companies like Zoox, Optimus Ride, and nuTonomy make electric and automatic cars using autonomous technology.

  9. Smart Disaster Response

  10. Through the synchronisation of emergency information capabilities, AI can analyse simulations and real-time data (including social media data) of meteorological events and disasters in a region to identify weaknesses and improve disaster preparation, offer early warning, and prioritise response. Deep reinforcement learning could be used in disaster simulations in the future to find the best response options.

Limitations of Artificial Intelligence

  1. Security: Artificial intelligence (AI) could be hacked, allowing bad factors to disrupt energy, transportation, early warning, and other critical systems.
  2. Economic Risks: Companies that are hesitant to adopt AI may incur financial costs as their AI-based competitors progress. As the economy gets more computerised, we are already seeing how brick-and-mortar stores are shutting.
  3. Social Risk: AI is resulting in more automation, which will eliminate jobs in almost every field. Autonomous weapon systems could also hasten and exacerbate global conflicts.
  4. Ethical Risks: Because AI makes decisions based on assumed assumptions about groups and communities, it may result in increasing bias. Data collecting also presents privacy concerns.
  5. Control Risks: Since AI systems interact autonomously, they can produce unpredictable outcomes. For example, two systems came up with a language of their own that humans couldn’t understand.

The World Economic Forum advises governments and businesses “must ensure the safety, explainability, transparency and validity of AI application” to mitigate these dangers. To avoid the possible perils of artificial intelligence—and to realise its potential advantages to the environment and humanity—more collaboration between public and private entities, engineers, policymakers, and even philosophers, as well as more research spending, is required.